Writing an outline
Hook: In Cambodia independent day is consider as a day that we getting back our freedom from being governed or rule by any country.
Background information: Previously Cambodia have pass through many condition of living under influence of many countries such as, Spanish, Portuguese, Thai, Vietnam, especially France which started from Angkor era from 8th century by 15th century.
Thesis statement: During this century the serious condition has started when France come to Cambodia and Cambodian people live under protectorate than demanding independent and the celebration has born.
- Body Paragraph 1
Topic sentence: In the middle of 15th century, the Khmer empire that use to be a big and powering empire in Southeast Asia. Was weak from year to year and the border of the country became small from year to year.
- Body paragraph 2
Topic sentence: France very interested in Cambodia because there are a lot of natural resources and there is the Mekong River also.
- Body paragraph 3
Topic sentence: Independence Day is a national holiday in Cambodia, this year marks Cambodia’s 63th anniversary of independence, until now a day on the event of Independence Day, major celebrations are organized in Phnom Penh, the capital city of Cambodia.
Restatement: France want to control our country in order to develop and protectorate from Thai and Vietnam, more over France also develop our economy build structure.
Evaluation, recommendation, or warning: Because of this situation Cambodia are failing day to day so kings try to find the solution to getting independence back from France. Then Cambodia are released from France protectorate, so the freedom of Cambodian people are comeback and country are safe and more developing in that generation.
The Real Sample Essay
The Independent’s day
Independent is very important for each country around the world. In Cambodia independent day is consider as a day that we getting back our freedom from being governed or ruled by any country. Previously Cambodia have pass through many condition of living under influence of many country such as , Spanish, Portuguese, Thai, Vietnam, especially France which started from Angkor era from the 8th century by 15th century. During this century the serious condition has started when France come to Cambodia and Cambodian people live under the France protectorate then demanding the independent and the celebration has born.
In the middle of 15 century, the Khmer empire that use to be a big and powering empire in Southeast Asia, was weak from year to year and the border of the country became small from year to year. Because of the invading of Siam (Thailand) in west and Annam (Vietnam) in east more over the sovereignty is not independent because the Siam and Annam always control on Khmer empire as a vassal state. During 19 century, the Annam that control chochin china and dominated Cambodia but the Annam have a big ambition because Annam want to invade the whole of the Khmer empire as their own country. In 1834 Annam offered the queen (ONG MEY) to become a wife of the Khmer king and in charge everything in Khmer empire. This queen tries to destroy or eliminate Khmer culture, custom, religion and the management of Khmer ancient and also this queen changed the name of Khmer province into Vietnamese name and the authority of Khmer have to work with Vietnamese authority. Because of this reason, the Khmer people cannot stand and they made the revolution and killed a lot of Vietnamese army and people who lived in their country. During that time, Khmer minister went to suggest Siam for intervention in their country to kick out all Vietnamese army and people and they also suggested the king ONG DUONG who was respected and loved by people to throne after ONG MEY. In 1845, Khmer, Siam, and Annam negotiated to stop the war, but at that time Khmer still under control of Siam and Vietnamese king and even the celebration of the king ONG DUONG throne ceremony, they have to suggest the permission from Annam and Siam kings. The chochin china still under control of Annam and also Annam changed twenty one of Khmer provinces into Vietnamese language until nowadays. In west of the country, some provinces that Siam use to dominate, they still continuo to control, more over Siam forced the Khmer king to sign the treaty for offer some provinces to them. The king ONG DOUNG realized that Annam and Siam always want to invade Khmer and he very concern about the losing of Khmer empire from the world after he died so he try to suggest or invite Fran to protectorate Khmer. In 1853 the King ong duong sent a letter and a lot of gifts to French emperor to make friendship with French empire, but he cannot reach his purpose because of some problems. In 1858 the Fran made a war with Vietnam and king ong duong tries to suggest again. He died in 1860 and his son king norodom throne after him and in 1862 Fran won the war in Vietnam and agree to protectorate Khmer in 1863.
France very interested in Cambodia because there are a lot of natural resources and there is the Mekong River also. So in 1863 the king norodom acknowledge France protectorate in Cambodia. During France controlled Cambodia, there are advantages and disadvantages.
The advantages: when Fran protect orated Cambodia, they abolished the slavery in the country because in Khmer social in the past, if someone loan money from the rich person, but they do not have money to give back so they have to go to that person’s house and serve them as a slave until he died and continue to their children so France abolished this attitude in Cambodia and France tries to develop the economy, more over because of France protectorate Cambodia that protected from Siam and Annam. If there is no France, Cambodia maybe loose from the world map because of Seam and Annam.
The disadvantages: During the France colonial in the country, Cambodia lose a large land or border because France gave it to Vietnam and France does not asked the permission from Khmer who is the land owner so it is a bad thing for Cambodian people until now. One more thing, during that time France have a war with Germany and they need food and a lot of money to support the armies for fighting with Germany so they collected the high taxes from people in Cambodia. Cambodian people are very difficult for living in their life because they need to pay a lot of money of the taxes such as tax of cow or land. This is a bad effect of France protectorate.
France offer independent to Cambodia. Cambodia was controlled by France since 1863 until 9 November 1953. The king norodom sihanuak negotiated with France about sovereignty of the nation. In 1949, he is eager to suggest France eliminated the treaty of protectorates that singed in 1863 and in 1884. In 1949 he signed a treaty of independent that France acknowledge the independent of Cambodia so the treaty in 1949 eliminated the treaty in 1863. From 1952 and 1953, he go to request independent 100 percent for Cambodian people. Because of the hard working for independent, In 9 November 1953 he can request the whole independent of Cambodian people and people called him a father of independent since that time. In 1952 he promised that he would request independent for Cambodia for late three months. Thus on the every 9 November the king and Cambodian’s people have celebrate this event annual.
Independence Day is a national holiday in Cambodia, this year marks Cambodia’s 63th anniversary of independence, until now a day on the event of Independence Day, major celebrations are organized in Phnom Penh, the capital city of Cambodia. The day starts with a morning event at the Independence Monument King of Cambodia and all minister attends as well. Later on, Cambodian people such as, students, teachers and many citizen can also witness a gala parade that is arranged in front of the Royal Palace in Phnom Penh with vibrant floats as well as marching bands. The shops are decorated with national flags. As evening approaches, the Royal Palace as well as other monuments and apartments are lighted up then a gala display of fireworks is also arranged close to the river banks of the Royal Palace. There is a big open park at the Independence Monument and it seems to be a popular place among the locals. Smacked right at the corner of Norodom and Sihanouk Blvd, this piece of landmark is hard to miss. I took a nice picture of this piece but be careful because it is located in the middle of a roundabout. The monument was built in 1962 to celebrate Cambodia’s independence from the foreign rule. It also serves as a monument to Cambodia’s war dead. It is the site for celebrations and services. When walking around in the city of Phnom Penh, have a look on the Independence Monument, 10 minutes walking behind the Royal Palace.
It is surrounded by very large parcs and fountains and the monument itself is not the most impressive in the city. The Independence Monument in Phnom Penh, capital of Cambodia, was built in 1958 following the country’s independence from France. It stands on the intersection of Norodom and Sihanouk Boulevards in the center of the city. It is in the form of a lotus-shaped stupa, of the style seen at the great Khmer temple at Angkor Wat and other Khmer historical sites. The Independence Monument was inaugurated in 1958 to celebrate Cambodia’s independence from foreign rule, now it also serves as a monument to Cambodia’s war dead. At night the monument is illuminated by red, blue and white floodlights, the colors of the Cambodian flag. It is the site of celebrations and services on holidays such as Independence Day and Constitution Day. Cambodian people such as students, teachers, government and the king also join this celebration.
In conclusion, Cambodia is a small country but we are so famous which started from Angkor era until now. It is because of our king was so talent and smart enough to build a lot of temples such a wonderful inherited and also the natural resource that’s why France make a protectorate in Cambodia. France want to control our country in order to develop and protectorate from Thai and Vietnam, more over France also develop our economy build structure. Take back our provinces from Thai and Vietnam. However, in this period we also meet a serious condition started from France fall in World War II. They get a high taxes from people they killed Cambodian people and they also took a lot of man especially teenager to make war in their country. Because of this situation Cambodia are failing day to day so kings try to find the solution to getting independence back from France. Then Cambodia are released from France protectorate, so the freedom of Cambodian people are comeback and country are safe and more developing in that generation.